European Microscopic Colits Group
European Microscopic Colits Group

EMCG LIBRARY

EPIDEMIOLOGY, RISK FACTORS

Bonderup OK, Wigh T, Nielsen GL, Pedersen L, Fenger-Grøn M. The epidemiology of microscopic colitis: a 10-year pathology-based nationwide Danish cohort study. Scand J Gastroenterol 2015

Verhaegh BP, Jonkers DM, Driessen A, Zeegers MP, Keszthelyi D, Masclee AA, Pierik MJ. Incidence of microscopic colitis in the Netherlands. A nationwide population-based study from 2000 to 2012. Dig Liver Dis 2015

Bonderup OK, Fenger-Grøn M, Wigh T, Pedersen L, Nielsen GL. Drug Exposure and Risk of Microscopic Colitis: A Nationwide Danish Case-Control Study with 5751 Cases. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 Aug 22. [Epub ahead of print]

Tontini GE, Pastorelli L, Spina L, Fabris F, Bruni B, Clemente C, de Nucci G, Cavallaro F, Marconi S, Neurath MF, Neumann H, Tacconi M, Vecchi M. Microscopic colitis and colorectal neoplastic lesion rate in chronic nonbloody diarrhea: a prospective, multicenter study. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2014

Munck LK, Wildt S, Engell PJ, Bonderup OK. [Microscopic colitis is a common cause of chronic diarrhoea.] Ugeskr Laeger. 2014 Feb 17

Fernández-Bañares F, de Sousa MR, Salas A, Beltrán B, Piqueras M, Iglesias E, Gisbert JP, Lobo B, Puig-Diví V, García-Planella E, Ordás I, Andreu M, Calvo M, Montoro M, Esteve M, Viver JM; RECOMINA Project, GETECCU (Grupo Español de Enfermedades de Crohn y Colitis Ulcerosa). Impact of current smoking on the clinical course of microscopic colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2013

Fernández-Bañares F, de Sousa MR, Salas A, Beltrán B, Piqueras M, Iglesias E, Gisbert JP, Lobo B, Puig-Diví V, García-Planella E, Ordás I, Andreu M, Calvo M, Montoro M, Esteve M, Viver JM; RECOMINA Project, GETECCU Grupo Español de Enfermedades de Crohn y Colitis Ulcerosa. Epidemiological risk factors in microscopic colitis: a prospective case-control study. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2013

Vigren L, Tysk C, Ström M, Kilander A, Hjortswang H, Bohr J, Benoni C, Larsson L, Sjöberg K. Celiac disease and other autoimmune diseases in patients with collagenous colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2013

Wickbom A, Bohr J, Eriksson S, Udumyan R, Nyhlin N, Tysk C. Stable incidence of collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis in Örebro, Sweden, 1999-2008: a continuous epidemiological study. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2013

Keszthelyi D, Penders J, Masclee AA, Pierik M. Is microscopic colitis a drug-induced disease? J Clin Gastroenterol 2012

Fernández-Bañares F, Salas A, Esteve M, Pardo L, Casalots J, Forné M, Espinós JC, Loras C, Rosinach M, Viver JM. Evolution of the incidence of collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis in Terrassa, Spain: a population-based study. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011

Vigren L, Sjöberg K, Benoni C, Tysk C, Bohr J, Kilander A, Larsson L, Ström M, Hjortswang H. Is smoking a risk factor for collagenous colitis? Scand J Gastroenterol 2011

Fernández-Bañares F, Esteve M, Espinós JC, Rosinach M, Forné M, Salas A, Viver JM. Drug consumption and the risk of microscopic colitis. Am J Gastroenterol 2007

Olesen M, Eriksson S, Bohr J, Järnerot G, Tysk C. Microscopic colitis - a common diarrhoeal disease. An epidemiologic study in Örebro, Sweden from 1993 to 1998. Gut 2004

Fernández-Bañares F, Salas A, Forné M, Esteve M, Espinós J, Viver JM. Incidence of collagenous and lymphocytic colitis: a 5-year population-based study. Am J Gastroenterol 1999

Bohr J, Tysk C, Eriksson S, Järnerot G. Collagenous colitis in Örebro, Sweden; an epidemiological study 1984-1993. Gut 1995


HISTOPATHOLOGY, PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, GENETICS

Günaltay S, Kumawat AK, Nyhlin N, Tysk C, Bohr J, Hultgren O, Hultgren-Hörnquist E. Enhanced levels of chemokines and their receptors in the colon of microscopic colitis patients indicate mixed immune cell recruitment. Mediators Inflamm 2015

Günaltay S, Nyhlin N, Kumawat AK, Tysk C, Bohr J, Hultgren O, Hultgren Hörnquist E. Differential expression of interleukin-1/Toll-like receptor signaling regulators in microscopic and ulcerative colitis World J Gastroenterol 2014

Kumawat AK, Nyhlin N, Wickbom A, Tysk C, Bohr J, Hultgren O, Hultgren-Hörnquist E. An in vitro model to evaluate the impact of the soluble factors from the colonic mucosa of collagenous colitis patients on T cells; enhanced production of IL-17A and IL-10 from peripheral CD4+ T cells. Mediators Inflamm 2014

Fiehn AM, Bjørnbak C, Warnecke M, Engel PJ, Munck LK. Observer variability in the histopathologic diagnosis of microscopic colitis and subgroups. Hum Pathol 2013

Kumawat A, Strid H, Elgbratt K, Tysk C, Bohr J, Hultgren-Hörnquist E. Microscopic colitis patients have increased proportions of Ki67+ proliferating and CD45RO+ active/memory CD8+ and CD4+8+ mucosal T cells. Journal of Crohns and Colitis 2013

Göranzon C, Kumawat AK, Hultgren-Hörnqvist E, Tysk C, Eriksson S, Bohr J, Nyhlin N. Immunohistochemical characterization of lymphocytes in microscopic colitis. Journal of Crohn?s and Colitis 2013

Kumawat AK, Strid H, Tysk C, Bohr J, Hultgren-Hörnquist E. Microscopic colitis patients demonstrate a mixed Th17/Tc17 and Th1/Tc1 mucosal cytokine profile. Molecular Immunology 2013

Kumawat AK, Elgbratt K, Tysk C, Bohr J, Hörnquist EH. Reduced T cell receptor excision circle levels in the colonic mucosa of microscopic colitis patients indicate localproliferation rather than homing of peripheral lymphocytes to the inflamed mucosa. Biomed Res Int. 2013, Epub 2013 Jul 14.

Münch A, Söderholm JD, Ost A, Carlsson AH, Magnusson KE, Ström M. Low levels of bile acids increase bacterial uptake in colonic biopsies from patients with collagenous colitis in remission. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2011

Madisch A, Hellmig S, Schreiber S, Bethke B, Stolte M, Miehlke S. Allelic variation of the matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene is associated with collagenous colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Feb 8.

Walter SA, Münch A, Ost A, Ström M. Anorectal function in patients with collagenous colitis in active and clinically quiescent phase, in comparison with healthy controls. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2010

Münch A, Söderholm JD, Ost A, Ström M. Increased transmucosal uptake of E. coli K12 in collagenous colitis persists after budesonide treatment. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009

Fernández-Bañares F, Casalots J, Salas A, Esteve M, Rosinach M, Forné M, Loras C, Santaolalla R, Espinós J, Viver JM. Paucicellular lymphocytic colitis: is it a minor form of lymphocytic colitis? A clinical pathological and immunological study. Am J Gastroenterol 2009

Wildt S, Rumessen JJ, Csillag C, Normark M, Poulsen KA, Kolko M. Cyclooxygenase-2 immunoreactivity in collagenous colitis. APMIS 2009

Fernández-Bañares F, Salas A, Esteve M. Pitfalls and errors in the diagnosis of collagenous and lymphocytic colitis. J Crohns Colitis 2008

Münch A, Ström M, Söderholm JD Dihydroxy-bile acids increase mucosal permeability and bacterial uptake in human colon biopsies. Scand J Gastroenterol 2007

Wildt S, Nordgaard-Lassen I, Bendtsen F, Rumessen JJ. Metabolic and inflammatory faecal markers in collagenous colitis. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007

Madisch A, Hellmig S, Schreiber S, Bethke B, Stolte M, Miehlke S. NOD2/CARD15 gene polymorphisms are not associated with collagenous colitis. Int J Colorect Dis 2006, Jun 28; [Epub ahead of print]

Bonderup OK, Hansen JB, Madsen P, Vestergaard V, Fallingborg J, Teglbjaerg PS. Budesonide treatment and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA in colonic mucosa in collagenous colitis.Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Oct

Wildt S, Madsen JL, Rumessen JJ. Small-bowel permeability in collagenous colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2006

Fernández-Bañares F, Esteve M, Farré C, Salas A, Alsina M, Casalots J, Espinós J, Forné M, Viver JM. Predisposing HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 haplotypes of coeliac disease and associated enteropathy in microscopic colitis. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2005

Münch A, Söderholm JD, Wallon C, Ström M. Dynamics of mucosal permeability and inflammation in collagenous colitis before, during and after loop ileostomy. Gut 2005

Olesen M, Middelveld R, Bohr J, Tysk C, Lundberg JON, Eriksson S, Alving K, Järnerot G. Luminal nitric oxide and epithelial expression of inducible and endothelial nitric oxide synthase in collagenous and lymphocytic colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2003

Salas A, Fernández-Bañares F, Casalots J, González C, Tarroch X, Forcada P, González G. Subepithelial myofibroblasts and tenascin expression in microscopic colitis. Histopathology 2003

Wildt S, Nørby Rasmussen S, Lysgård Madsen J, Rumessen JJ. Bile acid malabsorption in patients with chronic diarrhoea: clinical value of SeHCAT test. Scand J Gastroenterol 2003

Bohr J, Järnerot G, Tysk C, Jones I, Eriksson S. Effect of fasting on diarrhoea in collagenous colitis. Digestion 2002

Bohr J, Nordfelth R, Järnerot G, Wolf-Watz H, Tysk C. Yersinia species in collagenous colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2002

Järnerot G, Hertervig E, Grännö C, Thorallsson E, Eriksson S, Tysk C, Hansson I, Björknäs H, Bohr J, Olesen M, Willén R, Kagevi I, Danielsson Å. Familial occurrence of microscopic colitis. A report of five families. Scand J Gastroenterol 2001

Fernandez-Bañares F, Esteve M, Salas A, Forné TM, Espinos JC, Martín-Comin J, Viver JM. Bile acid malabsorption in microscopic colitis and in previously unexplained functional chronic diarrhea. Dig Dis Sci 2001

Lundberg JON, Herulf M, Olesen M, Bohr J, Tysk C, Wiklund NP, Morcos E, Hellström PM, Weitzberg E, Järnerot G. Increased nitric oxide production in collagenous and lymphocytic colitis. Eur J Clin Invest 1997

Bohr J, Tysk C, Yang P, Danielsson D, Järnerot G. Autoantibodies and immunoglobulins in collagenous colitis. Gut 1996

Yang P, Bohr J, Tysk C, Danielsson D, Järnerot G. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in inflammatory bowel disease and collagenous colitis. No association with lactoferrin, b-glucuronidase, myeloperoxidase, or proteinase 3. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 1996

Järnerot G, Tysk C, Bohr J, Eriksson S. Collagenous colitis and fecal stream diversion. Gastroenterology 1995

Bohr J, Jones I, Tysk C, Järnerot G. Serum procollagen III propeptide is not of diagnostic predictive value in collagenous colitis. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 1995


CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS, QUALITY OF LIFE

Yung DE, Koulaouzidis A, Fineron P, Plevris JN. Microscopic colitis: a misnomer for a clearly defined entity? Endoscopy 2015 May 11. [Epub ahead of print]

Nyhlin N, Wickbom A, Montgomery SM, Tysk C, Bohr J. Long term symptom burden and health-related quality of life in patients with collagenous and lymphocytic colitis; case-control study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2014

Madisch A, Miehlke S, Bartosch F, Bethke B, Stolte M. Microscopic colitis: Clinical presentation, treatment and outcome of 494 patients. Z Gastroenterol 2014

Fernández-Bañares F, Gisbert JP. Letter: Persisting clinical symptoms in microscopic colitis in remission. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2014

Madalinski M, Koulaouzidis A. Collagenous colitis with mucosal tears in two proton pump inhibitors and non-steroidal naive patients who developed metachronous cancer. J Dig Dis 2013

Bjørnbak C, Engel PJ, Nielsen PL, Munck LK. Microscopic colitis: clinical findings, topography and persistence of histopathological subgroups. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2011

Hjortswang H, Tysk C, Bohr J, Benoni C, Vigren L, Kilander A, Larsson L, Taha Y, Ström M. Health-related quality of life is impaired in active collagenous colitis. Dig Liver Dis 2011

Koulaouzidis A. Unique endoscopic findings in lymphocytic colitis. Arab J Gastroenterol. 2011 Dec

Fernández-Bañares F, Gisbert JP. Letter: are lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis really the same disease? Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2012; Koulaouzidis A. Mucosal scars in collagenous colitis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010 Jan

Hjortswang H, Tysk C, Bohr J, Benoni C, Vigren L, Kilander A, Larsson L, Ström M. Defining clinical criteria for remission and disease activity in collagenous colitis. Inflammatory Bowel Disease 2009

Koulaouzidis A. Microscopic colitis and endoscopy. Neth J Med. 2009 Oct

Wickbom A, Lindqvist M, Bohr J, Ung KA, Bergman J, Eriksson S, Tysk C. Colonic mucosal tears in collagenous colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2006

Koulaouzidis A, Henry JA, Saeed AA. Mucosal tears can occur spontaneously in collagenous colitis. Endoscopy 2006

Bohr J, Larsson LG, Eriksson S, Järnerot G, Tysk C. Colonic perforation in collagenous colitis ? an unusual complication. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2005

Olesen M, Eriksson S, Bohr J, Järnerot G, Tysk C. Lymphocytic colitis - a retrospective clinical study of 199 Swedish patients. Gut 2004

Fernández-Bañares F, Salas A, Esteve M, Espinós J, Forné M, Viver JM. Collagenous and lymphocytic colitis. evaluation of clinical and histological features, response to treatment, and long-term follow-up. Am J Gastroenterol 2003

Bohr J, Tysk C, Eriksson S, Abrahamsson H, Järnerot G. Collagenous colitis: a retrospective study of clinical presentation and treatment in 163 patients. Gut 1996


TREATMENT, OUTCOME

Daferera N, Kumawat AK, Hultgren-Hörnquist E, Ignatova S, Ström M, Münch A. Fecal stream diversion and mucosal cytokine levels in collagenous colitis: A case report.World J Gastroenterol 2015

Münch A, Bohr J, Miehlke S, Benoni C, Olesen M, Öst A, Strandberg L, Hellström PM, Hertervig E, Armerding P, Stehlik J, Lindberg G, Björk Jan, Lapidus A, Löfberg R, Bonderup O, Avnström S, Rössle M, Dilger K, Mueller R, Greinwald R, Tysk C, Ström M on behalf of the BUC-63 investigators. Low-dose budesonide for maintenance of clinical remission in collagenous colitis: A randomized, placebo-controlled 12-month trial. Gut 2014 Nov 25

Miehlke S, Madisch A, Kupcinskas L, Petrauskas D, Heptner G, Böhm G, Dr. (5), Marks HJ, Neumeyer M, Nathan T, Fernández-Bañares F, Greinwald R, Mohrbacher R, Vieth M, Bonderup OK. Randomized, Placebo-controlled Multicenter Study of Budesonide and Mesalamine for Short-term Treatment of Collagenous Colitis. Gastroenterology 2014 Jan 15 [Epub ahead of print]r

Münch A, Bohr J, Vigren L, Tysk C, Ström M. Lack of effect of methotrexate in budesonide- refractory collagenous colitis. Clin Exp Gastroenterol. 2013

Münch A, Fernandez-Banares F, Munck LK. Azathioprine and mercaptopurine in the management of patients with chronic, active microscopic colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2013

Miehlke S, Hansen JB, Madisch A, Schwarz F, Kuhlisch E, Morgner A, Teglbjaerg PS, Vieth M, Aust D, Bonderup OK. Risk factors for Symptom Relapse in Collagenous Colitis after withdrawal of Short-Term Budesonide Therapy. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2013

Münch A, Ignatova S, Ström M: Adalimumab in budesonide and methotrexate refractory collagenous colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2012

Esteve M, Mahadevan U, Sainz E, Rodriguez E, Salas A, Fernández-Bañares F. Efficacy of anti-TNF therapies in refractory severe microscopic colitis. J Crohns Colitis 2011

Bonderup OK, Hansen JB, Teglbjaerg PS, Christensen LA, Fallingborg JF. Long-term budesonide treatment of collagenous colitis: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gut. 2009 Jan

Miehlke S, Madisch A, Karimi D, Wonschik S, Kuhlisch E, Beckmann R, Morgner A, Mueller R, Greinwald R, Seitz G, Baretton G, Stolte M. Budesonide is effective in treating lymphocytic colitis: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Gastroenterology 2009

Miehlke S, Madisch A, Bethke B, Morgner A, Kuhlisch E, Henker C, Vogel G, Andersen M, Meier E, Baretton G, Stolte Oral budesonide for maintenance treatment of collagenous colitis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gastroenterology 2008

Madisch A, Miehlke S, Eichele O, Mrwa J, Bethke B, Kuhlisch E, Bästlein E, Wilhelms G, Morgner A, Wigginghaus B, Stolte M. Boswellia serrata extract for the treatment of collagenous colitis. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Int J Colorectal Dis 2007

Madisch A, Miehlke S, Lindner M, Bethke B, Stolte M. Clinical course of collagenous colitis over a period of 10 years. Z Gastroenterol 2006

Wildt S, Munck LK, Vinter-Jensen L, Hanse BF, Nordgaard-Lassen I, Christensen S, Avnstroem S, Rasmussen SN, Rumessen JJ. Probiotic treatment of collagenous colitis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. Lactis. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2006

Jensen L, Munck LK. Elementary diet reduces diarrhoea associated with microscopic colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2005

Madisch A, Heymer P, Voss C, Wigginghaus B, Bästlein E, Bayerdörffer E, Meier E, Schimming W, Bethke B, Stolte M, Miehlke S. Oral Budesonide therapy improves quality of life in patients with collagenous colitis. Int J Colorect Dis 2005

Miehlke S, Madisch A, Voss C, Morgner A, Heymer P, Kuhlisch E, Bethke B, Stolte M. Long-term follow-up of collagenous colitis after induction of clinical remission with budesonide. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2005

Miehlke S, Madisch A, Bethke B, Stolte M. Time to remission with budesonide in collagenous colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2005

Bonderup OK, Hansen JB, Birket-Smith L, Vestergaard V, Teglbjaerg PS, Fallingborg J. Budesonide treatment of collagenous colitis: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial with morphometric analysis. Gut. 2003 Feb

Munck LK, Kjeldsen J, Philipsen E, Fischer Hansen B. Incomplete remission with short-term prednisolone treatment in collagenous colitis: a randomized study. Scand J Gastroenterol 2003

Miehlke S, Heymer P, Bethke B, Bästlein E, Meier E, Bartram HP, Wilhelms G, Lehn N, Dorta G, DeLarive J, Tromm A, Bayerdörffer E, Stolte M. Budenoside treatment for collagenous colitis ? a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Gastroenterology 2002

Bonderup OK, Folkersen BH, Gjersøe P, Teglbjaerg PS. Collagenous colitis: a long-term follow-up study. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1999 May


REVIEWS

Bouma G, Münch A. Microscopic colitis Dig Dis 2015

Münch A, Langner C. Microscopic colitis: A clinicopathological perspective. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2015

Bohr J, Wickbom A, Hegedus A, Nyhlin N, Hultgren-Hörnquist E, Tysk C. Diagnosis and management of microscopic colitis: current perspectives. Clin Experiment Gastroenterol 2014

Langner C, Aust D, Ensari A, Villanacci V, Becheanu G, Miehlke S, Geboes K, Münch A on behalf of the Working Group of Digestive Diseases of the European Society of Pathology (ESP) and the European Microscopic Colitis Group (EMCG). Histology of Microscopic Colitis: Practical Approach for Pathologists. Histopathology 2014 Nov 8

Munck LK, Wildt S, Engell PJ, Bonderup OK. Microscopic colitis is a common cause of chronic diarrhoea. Ugeskr Laeger 2014

Miehlke S, Aust D, Madisch A.. Microscopic colitis ? new insights relevant to clinical practice. Z Gastroenterol 2013

Münch A, Aust D, Bohr J, Bonderup O, Fernández Bañares F, Hjortswang H, Madisch A, Munck LK, Ström M, Tysk C, Miehlke S. Microscopic Colitis: current status, present and future challenges - Statements of the European Microscopic Colitis Group. J Crohn?s Colitis 2012

Hultgren Hörnquist E. The Mucosal Immune System in Microscopic Colitis. In: Miehlke S, Münch A (eds): Microscopic Colitis ? Creating Awareness for an Underestimated Disease. Falk Workshop Basel, 2012

Rasmussen MA, Munck LK. Systematic review: are lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis two subtypes of the same disease - microscopic colitis? Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2012

Koulaouzidis A, Saeed AA. Distinct colonoscopy findings of microscopic colitis: not so microscopic after all? World J Gastroenterol 2011

Tysk C, Wickbom A, Nyhlin N, Eriksson S, Bohr J. Recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of microscopic colitis. Ann Gastroenterol 2011

Bohr J, Löfberg R, Tysk C. Microscopic colitis. In: McDonald J, Burroughs A, Feagan B (eds). Evidence based gastroenterology and hepatology 2nd ed. London: Blackwell 2004. Revideret 2009.

Tysk C, Bohr J, Nyhlin N, Wickbom A, Eriksson S. Diagnosis and management of microscopic colitis. World J Gastroenterol 2008

Nyhlin N, Bohr J, Eriksson S, Tysk C. Microscopic colitis: a common and an easily overlooked cause of chronic diarrhoea. Eur J Intern Med 2008

Madisch A, Morgner A, Stolte M, Miehlke S. Investigational treatment options in microscopic colitis. Expert Opin Investig Drugs 2008

Fernández-Bañares F. How much symptom overlap is there between microscopic colitis and IBS? Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007

Nyhlin N, Bohr J, Eriksson S, Tysk C. Microscopic colitis; a systematic review. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2006

Bohr J. Mechanisms of pathogenesis in microscopic colitis. In: Jewell DP et al. (eds). Falk symposium 147. Colitis: Diagnosis and therapeutic strategies. Springer 2006.

Tysk C, Bohr J, Olesen M, Eriksson S, Järnerot G. Mikroskopisk kolit ? vanligare diarrésjukdom än du tror. Biopsier enda väg till diagnos, medicinsk behandling ger god effekt (Swedish); 2005

Bohr J, Löfberg R, Tysk C. Microscopic and collagenous colitis. In McDonald J, Burroughs A, Feagan B (eds). Evidence based gastroenterology and hepatology 2nd ed. London: Blackwell 2004

Tysk C. Collagenous and lymphocytic colitis: distinct disorders or part of spectrum of IBD? In: Lucas M, Manns MP, Spicak J, Stange EF (eds). Immunological diseases of liver and gut. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Bohr J, Tysk C, Järnerot G. Microscopic colitis. In: Sartor RB, Sandborn WJ (eds). Kirsner?s Inflammatory bowel disease 6th ed. Edinburgh: Saunders 2004

Bohr J. Mikroskopisk colitis. Ugeskr Læger 2002

Bohr J, Olesen M, Tysk C, Järnerot G. Collagenous and lymphocytic colitis. A clinical and histopathological review. Can J Gastroenterol 2000

Fernández-Bañares F. [Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis: not such an infrequent diagnosis]. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 1999 Spanish

Bohr J, Tysk C, Järnerot G. Microscopic colitis. Medicine 1998

Bohr J. A review of collagenous colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 1998

Fernández-Bañares F, Salas A, Forné M, Esteve M, Espinós JC, Viver JM. [Collagenous colitis]. Gastroenterol Hepatol 1998; Spanish